Portrait of God Nisanov, the man who knows how to be friendly and how to trade
At the height of the war over Nagorno-Karabakh, Russia did not provide assistance to Armenia, its military ally. The story of billionaire God Nisanov and his ties with the leadership of Russia and Azerbaijan may shed light on the reasons for this decision. These ties are so close that at the height of the conflict, Russian intelligence chief Sergei Naryshkin swam in Nisanov’s personal pool in the company of a family member of the Azerbaijani Deputy Prime Minister.
Sergei Naryshkin, a prominent Russian official and Vladimir Putin’s colleague from the Leningrad KGB, has long been fond of swimming. Having already become the director of the Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR), Naryshkin went to swim almost every day in the same place – the luxurious 50-meter swimming pool of the “Ukraina” Hotel, located in the last Stalinist skyscraper built after the death of the “leader” . The swim took place early in the morning, when hotel guests usually slept, and the pool was not crowded. After several hundred meters on the water, Naryshkin had breakfast at the local restaurant and left on his espionage business. True, with the onset of the coronavirus epidemic, visits to “Ukraine” had to be stopped and a completely secluded pool was to be found. This head of the most secret Russian department was helped by his close friend and owner of “Ukraine” God Nisanov.
The Champion in Friendship
Usually, articles about the business achievements of God Nisanov – and he, according to Forbes, has been the most successful rentier in Russia for many years with a fortune of $ 2.7 billion – contain two statements. At a young age, he moved from the Azerbaijani village of Krasnaya Sloboda, inhabited mainly by Mountain Jews, to Moscow. Here he, together with his permanent partner Zarakh Iliev, started trading in the famous Cherkizovsky market. The second story, wandering through the biographies of a businessman, is that Nisanov speaks six languages. In 2007, however, it became known that the Gorsky businessman had a partner and fellow countryman who, perhaps, helped his business much more than the polyglossia attributed to Nisanov. This is Ilgam Rahimov, a Baku lawyer.
Shopping center “Diaspora”Mountain Jews have always been strongly integrated into Moscow trade. The owner of the Cherkizovsky market was Telman Ismailov, fellow countryman of Nisanov, also a Mountain Jew, but from Baku. Zarakh Iliev, a long-term partner of God Nisanov, also started on the Cherkizovsky market. The Manashirov brothers, Gennady and Solomon, were the owners of many shopping centers in Moscow – Prazhsky Passage, Armada, Columbus and others. Mountain Jew Tair Gilalov was a co-owner of the Izmailovsky market, and his sons Akif and Zaur owned several shopping complexes in Moscow. The owner of the famous grocery store “Eliseevsky” was another mountain Jew from Azerbaijan, Yakov Yakubov, who received the title of “owner of Tverskaya” in the press – it was believed that he had the largest list of real estate “in the nicest houses” there. He is also known for having built a personal three-story “palace” right in the middle of VDNKh. Almost everyone’s (except for Nisanov and Iliev) life story ended badly: Ismailov is hiding in Montenegro from charges of murder, Gennady Manashirov is serving a 12-year sentence for giving bribes, his brother Solomon is on the international wanted list. Tahir and Zaur Gilalovs are killed.
Rahimov’s childhood was spent in Karabakh. In 1970 he moved to Russia, entered the law faculty of Leningrad University, where he became close friends with future President Putin. They were friends with families: Rahimov went to visit Putin, and he, at his invitation, visited Azerbaijan several times, lived in the house of Rahimov’s father. This friendship continues today.
Ilgam Rahimov on the Nagorno-Karabakh problem:“I communicate with Putin as with my fellow student, and not as with a politician and head of state … Yes, when we meet with Putin, we talk about this, I bring my personal position to his attention. Naturally, as for an Azerbaijani, the Karabakh problem is also my pain. “
In Azerbaijan, Rahimov is known as a lawyer. It is a completely different matter in Russia – the name of Ragimov with a share of about 15% is on the lists of founders of all important businesses of Nisanov.
Assets of God NisanovThe businesses of the billionaire from Krasnaya Sloboda are the largest markets, shopping centers and hotels in Moscow
Nisanov knows how to surround himself with “the right people”, he is a “champion” in friendship, says a high-ranking official.
One of the first in Nisanov’s entourage appeared the head of the Moscow GUVD Vladimir Pronin. His son Alexander was hired by the Imperial-2000 company, which is part of Kievskaya Square . In 2009, Pronin Sr. was fired from the authorities, and over time, a more serious figure appeared in Nisanov’s entourage. The fact that Nisanov is friends with Interior Minister Vladimir Kolokoltsev, two interlocutors of the “Project” know. Moreover, Kolokoltsev’s son Alexander was a partner of Oleg Yusupov, a close relative of Nisanov, in Il Forno restaurants. And recently, Nikolai Golovkin, a former assistant to Kolokoltsev, has also been working in the security service of Nisanov .
Artyom Nisanov made the brother of Putin’s former security guard Alexei Dyumin a partner in a company that is building a hotel on Varvarka, near Zaryadye Park. Artem Dyumin is also a member of the board of directors of the Olimpiyskiy sports complex, which is reconstructing Kievskaya Square.
In 2016, Teimur Bul-Bul Polad oglu became the director of “Evropeyskiy”: a musician and the son of Nisanov’s friend, the Azerbaijani ambassador to Russia, famous singer Polad Bul-Bul oglu. Nisanov also hired the son of the head of Roscosmos Dmitry Rogozin – he headed the construction of the Nagatinskaya transport interchange hub, which is also being conducted by Kievskaya Ploschad. Among those close to Nisanov and convicted of harassment, State Duma deputy Leonid Slutsky .
“Your entire future government works for Nisanov,” ironically Ilgar Hajiyev, a major Azerbaijani and Russian developer and former business partner of Nisanov . Now he lives in London, since a criminal case of fraud has been opened against him in Russia, and the business, as Hajiyev says, went to the Nisanov family. Hajiyev is the first person from Nisanov’s entourage who decided to tell the press about the business of the most successful Russian rentier.
President’s main spy
Evropeyskiy looks no different from other Moscow shopping centers. Its construction at one time was not without a scandal – the deputy head of Rosprirodnadzor Oleg Mitvol and State Duma deputy Alexander Khinshtein argued that the metro would collapse because of the construction. Once they even tried to break through to the construction site with an inspection – it ended with the guards pinching Khinstein’s fingers. In other respects, the construction proceeded quickly – in addition to Ragimov, one of the co-owners of “Evropeyskiy” was a friend of Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov, Zurab Tsereteli. In 2013, Kievskaya Ploshchad announced that the famous sculptor no longer had a share, but, as it turned out, Manana Popova, an academician of the Russian Academy of Arts (RAA), headed by Tsereteli, owns a 15 percent share in the mall .
“Nisanov has an uncontrollable passion for shopping centers,” a former government member familiar with the developer smiles in a conversation with the Project. Even Nisanov’s personal office is located in Evropeyskiy , and not in one of his business centers, historical mansions in the center, or at least in “Ukraina” – his partner Iliev has an office there .
The entrance to Nisanov’s office is invisible – it is an iron door without a sign in the parking lot of the fifth floor of the shopping center. “The office is luxurious, and you can’t say that it is in a shopping center,” describes a former employee of Nisanov. Inside there is even a bathhouse and a swimming pool, massage and manicure rooms – all this is available not only for Nisanov, but also for those with whom he is friends.
It was there, in the private pool of Nisanov, that the head of the SVR Naryshkin moved with his need for daily swims. Correspondents “Project” several times met Naryshkin visiting Nisanov’s office at the same time. The head of the SVR usually spends a little over an hour inside. Having parked, his driver removes the flashing light so as not to attract attention, and when Naryshkin returns, puts it in its place. In all cases that the Proekt correspondents observed Naryshkin in the Evropeyskiy parking lot, he was accompanied by another man who arrived in a BMW with diplomatic numbers of the Azerbaijani embassy. It happened at the height of the border war between Azerbaijan and Armenia, but the reason for such closeness of the chief intelligence officer with influential Azerbaijanis is hardly only in politics. It’s also about profitable friendship.
The man in the ambassador’s car is Elman Bayramov, a member of the inner circle of the God Nisanov. He owns Mosaservinzavod, which produces cognacs, port wine and vodka. Among other things, Bayramov is a member of the family of the First Deputy Prime Minister of Azerbaijan Yagub Eyyubov: the daughter of a businessman is married to the son of a politician .
Bayramov has been friends with Naryshkin since the 2000s, when they were neighbors in dachas on Rublevo-Uspenskoe highway
… It was Bayramov who introduced Naryshkin to Nisanov. In addition to the private pool, the family of the chief intelligence officer of Russia also enjoys other bonuses from the businessman: for example, Nisanov’s personal business jet – Gulfstream G65. The Project has at its disposal a supporting document, from which it follows that Veronika Naryshkina, the daughter of the head of the Foreign Intelligence Service, flew to Baku on a Nisanov plane. In addition, the Naryshkins with the whole family repeatedly flew on a businessman’s jet to ski, for example, in the winter of 2014 – to Austria, says Ilgar Hajiyev, who, according to him, flew with them. Nisanov employed Naryshkina, a fan of surfing, a master of sports in swimming, in his company, Sigma Investment Group – that manages the fashionable food cluster “Depo” … Veronica celebrated her 30th birthday on the ship of Nisanov’s “Radisson Flotilla” together with her friend, the daughter of the President of Azerbaijan, Leyla Aliyeva.
Naryshkin and Nisanov’s entourage are also associated with strange real estate transactions. In 2011, Veronika Naryshkina became the owner of a 200-meter apartment in the elite “House on Kompozitorskaya” in the Novy Arbat area. The market value is over 100 million rubles. The daughter of the head of the SVR at the time of purchase was 23 years old, she did not show herself anywhere except in sailing. The income of Naryshkin himself, who worked in the civil service all his life , amounted to 5 million rubles that year .
Just two months later, Naryshkina exchanged this apartment for another, in another elite house, but in a different area – in the residential complex “Lomonosov” in the south-west of the capital. Its area is 180 sq. meters, the market price is about 100 million rubles.
The person with whom she exchanged housing is named Alexey Kalashnikov. As Proekt found out, this is an employee of Mosaservinzavod, he is very close to Bayramov: in the traffic police database, Kalashnikov’s mobile phone is tied to the businessman’s Mercedes-Benz. In 2017, Kalashnikov sold an apartment on the Arbat to Robert Uzilov, Nisanov’s fellow countryman from Krasnaya Sloboda – one of the owners of areas in the Moscow shopping center in Lyublino, owned by Kievskaya Ploshchad, and a former member of the board of directors of the Sadovod market. Who got the money from the sale is unknown. Kalashnikov himself is registered in an ordinary house in a residential area – on Sevastopolsky Avenue.
The “project” did not receive an explanation from the SVR on what conditions Naryshkin and his family use Nisanov’s property. The department said they did not comment on the “personal life” of their director and his family. The question of Naryshkina’s apartment was ignored. Veronika Naryshkina told The Project that she does not work at the Depot, she “has been and is developing water sports” and asked not to bother her anymore.
What does the law say about such gifts to officials ↓The Civil Service Law prohibits officials from receiving remuneration in connection with the performance of their official duties, including in the form of reimbursement of travel expenses. “If the family’s use of business aviation services is recorded and if these services were not paid for, then they can be identified as transport services with a monetary equivalent. This can range from an illegally received gift to a bribe, ”draws attention to Ilya Shumanov, Deputy Head of Transparency International-Russia. The use of a business jet by an official’s adult daughter also leads to a conflict of interest, Shumanov notes.
President’s main friend
When a Proekt correspondent asked a former high-ranking government official about who stands up for God Nisanov, if he had difficulties in business, he rolled his eyes: “These are very important people.”
– Recently, God and I and the Russian oligarch Rotenberg flew together from Moscow to Baku. The year suddenly said: do you know what I remember? Once we were in Tovuz, and your mother prepared a hangal for us , I cannot forget the taste of this hangal. And I said, get ready, as soon as we get off the plane, we will come to eat hangal, – once said Nisanov’s partner and Putin’s classmate Ilgam Rahimov in an interview with the Azerbaijani edition Musavat.
Several interlocutors of the Project speak about Nisanov’s friendship with the Rotenberg brothers, who are close to President Putin . This is more than friendship. This is a business.
In 2013, Nisanov’s structures bought the Plamya company, which owns a huge territory on the Kaluga highway near Moscow. Until that moment, the business press connected “Flame” with the Rotenberg brothers . Soon after the purchase in the territories of “Flame” a market opened – “Food City”.
“Food City”, “Europe’s largest agrocluster” – these were the words on the Moscow 24 city government TV channel in 2014 advertised the opening of “Food City”. The market was opened by Nisanov and Sergei Sobyanin personally.
“Food City” is really huge: 124 hectares of territory with a covered shopping pavilion. Although, in general, this is an ordinary oriental bazaar: selling for cash from trucks, you can bargain with the staff even before the market closes, for example, snatch a box of mangoes for some 200 rubles.
A source who worked for Nisanov says: Arkady Rotenberg is still Nisanov’s non-public partner in Food City. If you study the ownership structure of “Flame”, it turns out that 20% of the company is still owned by a certain Lyudmila Dergun. Before retirement, this 70-year-old woman, originally from the Krasnodar Territory, worked in a kindergarten in St. Petersburg. Her relatives do not look like successful businessmen either. Dergun’s daughter-in-law, the wife of her son Alexander, at the time of this writing, was selling a used baby bib for 200 rubles at Avito. Alexander himself, apparently, has recently worked as a driver delivering Iceberry ice cream . When the Project correspondent called him, Dergun said that he knew nothing about his mother’s business.
Nisanov and Rotenberg are also linked by a project in Moscow City: the same company “Flame” was going to build another skyscraper there, but in 2017 Grigory Baevsky, Rotenberg’s partner and confidant, became the owner of the skyscraper project .
A representative of the Rotenbergs in a conversation with the “Project” said that the businessmen have nothing to do with Food City, they do not have a close friendship with Nisanov – the brothers “only know him, like many other businessmen.”
The president himself, although different
One day in the summer of 2014, the coordinator of the Arkhnadzor movement, Andrei Novichkov, was walking along 1st Tverskaya-Yamskaya Street in Moscow. He stopped near house 22 – the pre-revolutionary building, the Proshins’ apartment building, a rare example of Moscow Art Nouveau, was completely covered with a false facade. Novikov looked behind him and was stunned – there was no building.
It was not just a historical mansion – its facade was decorated with a frieze depicting snowdrops, made in the sgraffito technique – there were no more such buildings in Russia.
It turned out that according to the plan, the developer could not demolish anything – the preservation of the facade during the reconstruction process was mandatory. As a result, the contractor paid some 1.5 million rubles. a fine, his building permit was revoked, representatives of the mayor’s office were publicly angry. The then Deputy Mayor of Moscow, Marat Khusnullin, said that “the toughest measures” would be taken: “They do not want to work according to normal rules in Moscow, so they will not work.” The authorities did not say who was behind the company and soon completely forgot about the ugly story. In 2017, when the noise died down, the mayor’s office issued a new building permit – the permit is still for some reason called “reconstruction”, although there is nothing to reconstruct. It follows from the documents that the permit was received by Atlantic Aeronautic … She was the owner of the site earlier, with her consent, the Proshins’ house was demolished.
Atlantic Aeronautic is registered in Azerbaijan, in Baku, at 170 Lev Tolstoy Street, where the office of PASHA Insurance, part of the PASHA holding, the family company of the President of Azerbaijan, is located. Surprisingly, all these years the Moscow mayor’s office knew perfectly well who actually demolished the historical monument on 1st Tverskaya-Yamskaya. In the lawsuit filed by the Moscow City Property Department against the developer, Atlantic Aeronautic, a year after the demolition, the daughter of the President of Azerbaijan, Leyla Aliyeva, is directly indicated as the co-defendant.
Director of the company that ordered the housework of the Proshins “Miretta” – Tofik Huseynov. Previously, he was the owner of Leyla Aliyeva’s Media Land company – she heads the Baku magazine in Russia. The director of the Russian representative office of Atlantic is Tatyana Egorova, the ex-head of Caspian Coast Winery & Vineyards in Russia, which was part of the Synergy Group of the former employee of the Azerbaijani Ministry of Taxes Ashraf Kamilov, whom OCCRP called in its investigation a close ally of the Aliyev family.
The business of the president’s daughter is also close to God Nisanov.
What’s on him? It is he who provides Aliyeva with financial assistance in Russia. The MFK company, part of the Kievskaya Ploshchad group, acted as a guarantor for a loan taken by Atlantik for at least 400 million rubles .
In addition, the Akkord Spetsstroy company, associated with Gos Nisanov, reconstructed the Azerbaijan pavilion at VDNKh (the pavilion is managed by the Baku Business Center company, which is close to Leyla Aliyeva). The founders of “Akkord Spetsstroy” were Ilgar Hajiyev and two men, on whom the businesses of “Kievskaya Ploschad” were previously registered. Hajiyev says that they represented Nisanov in “Akkord”.
How Kievskaya Square moved to Rublevka ↓Close relations with the leadership of Azerbaijan led Nisanov into international politics. In the summer of 2020, with the outbreak of a new Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict, the Food City market has become a place where scores are settled: Armenian traders with their trucks were simply no longer allowed into the territory. Nisanov’s partner Ilgam Rahimov boasted in an interview with the Azerbaijani newspaper Musavat that the damage they inflicted on the Armenians amounted to “hundreds of millions”: “Everything goes to the landfill.” According to him, Russian officials contacted him, but he and Nisanov told them: “Do not meddle in this case.” The decision caused delight among some representatives of the Azerbaijani diaspora: the interlocutor of the “Project” told how he specially came to “Food City” to pay tribute to its leadership.
The Armenian diplomats who came to the market to negotiate were completely expelled from the territory by the guards from the private security company “Vityaz”.
Evgeny Sosedov. Source: Facebook
Sosedov himself was caught by the guards, beaten, and his phone was taken away, which contained photographs of the demolition and a video of the attack. The administration of the Moscow region and the Ministry of Housing Policy told the Project that they were not given any construction permits in Ilyinskoye, for which the historical buildings are being demolished is still unknown.
Close relations with the leadership of Azerbaijan led Nisanov to international politics. In the summer of 2020, with the outbreak of a new Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict, the Food City market has become a place where scores are settled: Armenian traders with their trucks were simply no longer allowed into the territory. Nisanov’s partner Ilgam Rahimov boasted in an interview with the Azerbaijani newspaper Musavat that the damage they inflicted on the Armenians amounted to “hundreds of millions”: “Everything goes to the landfill.” According to him, Russian officials contacted him, but he and Nisanov told them: “Do not meddle in this case.” The decision caused delight among some representatives of the Azerbaijani diaspora: the interlocutor of the “Project” told how he specially came to “Food City” to pay tribute to its leadership. The Armenian diplomats who came to the market to negotiate were completely expelled from the territory by the guards from the private security company “Vityaz”.
Mountain Knights“Vityaz” is a security agency close to Nisanov, owned by former commandos Maxim Kotov and Petr Shutko. Kotov has known the founders of Kievskaya Ploschad since the days of the Gardener . “Knights” serve not only Nisanov: they proved themselves even during the construction of the Moscow-Petersburg highway by Arkady Rotenberg’s company, for the sake of which they cut down part of the Khimki forest: during protests against the felling, the Chopovites knocked out the teeth of the activists and broke their noses. “Knights” also beat people at protests in defense of the Tsagovsky forest, when they cut down trees for the sake of the highway near the town of Zhukovsky near Moscow.
Now “Vityaz” guards all the key objects of “Kievskaya Ploschad”, and Nisanov himself too , even “Vityaz” is registered at the address of the company “Safra Instruments” (part of “Kievskaya Ploschad”) – on Solzhenitsyn Street. According to Hajiyev, it was with the help of Vityaz that the takeover of his company SDI happened. Vityaz has so-called “mobile brigades” that can carry out such assignments.
The abundance of influential friends must necessarily benefit Nisanov’s business.
Now Nisanov is the king of the capital’s markets, and even the consistent struggle of Mayor Sobyanin against unorganized trade in the city could not shake this title. As soon as he appeared in the capital, Sobyanin declared war on the markets. Markets were closed for any, even completely not obvious, reasons – for example, the Pokrovskaya vegetable warehouse was liquidated after it was attacked by nationalists during the so-called “Biryulev pogroms”.
Nisanov’s market empire, on the contrary, grew. Gardener, Food City, Yuzhnye Vorota, Velozavodsky, Prazhsky, Moscow in Lyublino, the Left Bank market in Khimki – all of them belong to Kievskaya Ploschad. Sobyanin liked the Food City market so much that he announced that there would be at least three more of these in Moscow and, apparently, Nisanov would build them again .
Even a significant part of the former Cherkizovsky market (“Cherkizon”), closed in 2009 for numerous violations of the law, is still at the disposal of the “Firm Iliev”, which is part of “Kievskaya Ploschad”.
The closure of Cherkizon was very useful for the Sadovod market, which at that time was already owned by Kievskaya Ploschad. She received the territory for management from Moscow in 2003 – competitors, owners of another capital market “Emeral”, tried to challenge this decision of the mayor’s office, but to no avail. And in 2011, the authorities also closed Emeral after Sobyanin’s visit there. It seemed to the mayor that the situation in the market was “like in the poor provinces of India.” Who is currently in charge of Emeral’s territory? Of course, Kievskaya Square.
The Sadovod market itself looks like a branch of the Cherkizovsky market: there is an abundance of counterfeit products on the shelves and trade only for cash. And Sadovod, and the shopping center “Moscow” and “Food City” – the largest points in Moscow for working with cash – their turnover is about 600 billion rubles. per month, and almost nothing of this amount is reflected in the banking system . This is more than the entire monthly retail turnover in Moscow. The abundance of “gray” schemes at Sadovod is such that the head of the Central Bank Elvira Nabiullina personally complained about them to Putin.
In the same place, at the “Sadovod”, this cash turns into income. The fact is that Sadovod – at least until recently – was the largest center in Moscow for cashing out cryptocurrencies .
The main intermediaries in the crypto business are Chinese merchants. “Before, you could contact them and say that there is a crypt. They say the number of the store and the row, you come, get money from under the counter, transfer the crypt to the wallet, take the cache, “says one of the Project’s interlocutors. Also, cryptocurrencies were used to pay for goods brought from China: the recipient paid in Moscow in rubles, they were transferred into digital money, transferred to the PRC, where the sender had already received yuan .
The market owners received a percentage of the transactions, according to two interlocutors of the “Project”, one of them estimated the size of this “commission” at 0.5% from the transaction.
In 2019, the head of Rosfinmonitoring, Yuri Chikhanchin, at a meeting with Putin, complained about the shadow turnover of cash at Sadovod . On the same day, searches began in these markets. Information flashed in the press that the security forces were also looking for cryptocurrency farms. Then everything was quiet. Nisanov argued that the reason for the searches was “a fight between two Caucasian groups,” whose members turned out to be his tenants. Nevertheless, as a high-ranking acquaintance of Nisanov says, “God understands the problem and is trying to gradually reduce the amount of cash.” Although until now on the same “Food City” you could not even pay for parking with a card.
Forbes magazine estimated Kievskaya Ploshchad’s rental income at a fabulous $ 1.6 billion – the company has occupied the first line of the rating of the “kings of Russian real estate” for many years. The magazine considered the potential income that commercial real estate could bring to the owners, and Nisanov even agreed with the Forbes estimate . But in the official reporting “Kievskaya Ploschad” for some reason indicates completely different – much smaller – amounts. According to it, Nisanov’s business should not go well.
Revenues of “Kievskaya Ploschad”In fact, companies associated with the king of Russian real estate are mostly unprofitable, RUB mln.According to “Spark-Interfax” for 2019 (TC “Electronic Paradise” – for 2018)
For example, Food City, according to Nisanov, provides the Moscow region with vegetables and fruits by 70%, and 25% – with meat. But despite such volumes, the market is unprofitable . “Sadovod” receives from rent, according to reports, only 1.4 billion rubles, and spends on its maintenance – 1.2 billion. At the same time, “Sadovod” – 8 thousand retail outlets, and landlords said that the average cost of rent points per month – almost 200 thousand, which should generate revenue of several billion per year. The rental proceeds in the huge Yuzhnye Vorota shopping mall on the Moscow Ring Road are 600 million rubles, and the entire company spends on the maintenance of the shopping center and administrative expenses, there is almost no profit left. Profit from renting a huge trade and fair complex “Moscow” – only 36 million rubles a year.
In his first interview, which Nisanov gave to Forbes magazine only in 2013, the entrepreneur was proud that his business did not start with loans-for-shares auctions and to this day has nothing to do with government projects.
The first is true, but the second, not entirely.
Recently, Moscow has attended to the improvement of the territory near the Kievsky railway station and in front of the European shopping center. ARPT was chosen as the contractor. The city paid about 3 billion rubles for this, which became the most expensive ARPT contract for all the years of its existence. In total – over the past four years – ARPT has received government contracts for 30 billion rubles, mainly for landscaping.
Some Andrey Nikolaev and Yulia Zinchenko own ARPT – it is unknown who it is. But it is possible to establish where the money won by the company at the government tenders goes. For example, in 2019 ARPT received 6.3 billion rubles in revenue, and transferred almost the same amount to other companies – and the recipient firms are close to Nisanov and Kievskaya Ploshchad .
So, in the reporting of ARPT it is said that in the same year it signed a contract for 2.5 billion rubles. with a certain company “Respik”. “Project” found a company of the same name – a supplier of building materials with unknown owners. Respik’s phone number coincides with the number of another company, Primetelecom. Its shareholders are co-owners of the Depo gastro cluster, which is part of Kievskaya Ploshchad, a mountain Jew Murad Beniaminov and a certain Marina Tamminen. Tamminen is apparently the nominal owner of the business: she is actually a realtor. Before Tamminen, her share in Primetelecom was assigned to her beloved Sergei Livansky, who still works for the same ARPT company, and was previously a minor manager in St. Petersburg .
Another 2 billion rubles. received from ARPT company “Prostroy”. A company with the same name is owned by Evgeny Ostashkevich, 54-year-old neighbor of Lebanese in a nine-story building in the city of Tikhvin, Leningrad Region. Prostroy received not only subcontracts from ARPT, but also orders directly from the Moscow budget – for example, in 2019 it received an order for 500 million rubles. for the improvement of the park “Filatov lug”.
Another subcontractor of ARPT was the same company “Akkord Spetsstroy”, which reconstructed the pavilion of Azerbaijan at VDNKh. She was also hired to carry out improvement work on Sadovaya-Sukharevskaya. Co-owner of “Akkord” Ilgar Hajiyev in an interview with “Proekt” said that, according to him, the ARPT business is supervised by Nisanov’s cousin Vladislav Yusupov.
The main customers of ARPT are Moscow and Tula. The Tula region is headed by Alexey Dyumin, the brother of Artem Dyumin, Nisanov’s partner. Over the past two years ARPT has signed contracts with LLC “Tulskaya Naberezhnaya” for more than 750 million rubles, more than 3 billion rubles. ARPT received for restoration of Tula estates.
There is other evidence that Nisanov makes money on contracts with the Moscow mayor’s office.
LLC “Krasnaya Sloboda”
In 2013, a major Azerbaijani builder Ilgar Hajiyev decided to expand to Moscow. Without influential partners in Russia, it is hard to work, Hajiyev said, and eventually started a joint business with fellow countrymen – the Zakharyaev brothers, childhood friends and distant relatives of Nisanov. So he began to work with Nisanov himself.
The trial balloon, Hajiyev says, was a contract to repair a road in Moscow’s Eastern Administrative District, where his company was hired as a subcontractor. “He made sure that I can build, and I – that he can be a resource,” says Hajiyev. After that, there was no one Albert Imanilov – according to Hajiyev, Nisanov’s figurehead – 50% of Hajiyev’s companies Akkord Spetsstroy, Akkord Construction, Akkord Real Estate, several companies under the SDI brand were transferred.
“Nisanov said that any issue through Rahimov and Rotenberg can be solved with Putin,” recalls Hajiyev. Thanks to the connections, the partner really ensured that Hajiyev’s companies received several government contracts … In particular, their total “Akkord Spetsstroy” signed contracts for 4.7 billion rubles. for the repair of streets in Moscow. The businessman says that his partner regularly asked him for cash to transfer to the officials in charge of the contracts of the mayor’s office. Once, according to Hajiyev, Nisanov’s cousin Vladislav Yusupov asked him to prepare 100 million rubles. for transfer to Pyotr Biryukov – Sobyanin’s deputy for housing and communal services. Their meeting took place on Sadovo-Sukharevskaya Street, where the company of Hajiyev and Imanilov performed landscaping work. Hajiyev, according to him, handed over the portfolio with cash to Yusupov. He briefly got into Biryukov’s car and left without a briefcase .
However, in the spring of 2018, the partners started having relationship problems. Nisanov demanded to rewrite Hajiyev’s share in his company , which was building the Pirogovskaya Riviera residential complex in the Moscow region, to Imanilov . Nisanov said that Hajiyev should do this “if he wants to build a housing complex without hindrance,” since he – Nisanov – “has very good relations with the government of the Moscow region . ” In a conversation with The Project, Hajiyev describes that meeting with Nisanov much more colorfully. In the office of the latter in the “Evropeyskiy” Gadzhiev was met by several armed people, and the share on Imanilov was copied “literally at gunpoint . “
From the documents submitted by Hajiyev’s employees to law enforcement agencies, it follows that further his companies were taken by force .
The ownership structure of Nisanov’s companies is as mixed up as possibleOne gets the feeling that every resident of Krasnaya Sloboda, including children, takes part in the Kievskaya Ploshchad business. “Proekt” counted in the companies formally owned by “Kievskaya Ploschad”, about 40 different founders.
“On January 24, 2019, employees of the private security company“ Vityaz ”broke into the office … The next day, Vladislav Yusupov came to the head office of the company. He announced that from now on he is the new owner of the company and all employees must follow his instructions. He also demanded to hand over the bank keys to him , ”the statements sent to the IC and the Ministry of Internal Affairs say.
Hajiyev’s employees claim that after the takeover, they began to withdraw money from the companies. Including – at the expense of the same ARPT company. The company received about 300 million rubles in loans.
The ties with Nisanov are not limited to this. For example, in the videos, which, according to Hajiyev, capture the seizure of his business, Flera Teplinskaya appears . She was previously the director of the company that manages the Vorobievsky business center, which is part of the Kievskaya Ploshchad group. In the video, Teplinskaya, clearly worried, listens on the phone to instructions from “God Semenovich” – as she calls her interlocutor. In another video, she puts huge wads of cash in a paper bag. In the third video, Teplinskaya, accompanied by a guard from Vityaz, is filmed near a residential building at 1/7 Kutuzovsky Prospect. Elman Bayramov has an apartment in this house .
At the disposal of the “Project” there are several refusals to initiate criminal cases on the statements of Hajiyev – the employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs did not find signs of a raider seizure. Now the businessman lives in London, from where he writes open letters to Putin. “I don’t think Putin knows what methods Nisanov is using,” Hajiyev said.
Nisanov’s representatives claim that he has never been a partner of Hajiyev. Indeed, his surname is not included in the founders of those firms that Hajiyev calls, as is the case with most of the companies of the Kievskaya Ploshchad group. Nisanov formally owns only two hotels – “Ukraina” and “Radisson Slavyanskaya”, and “Olympic”. Everything else is recorded in the name of relatives and nominal owners, which, however, has never raised any complaints from the authorities.
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In the Tver region, there is the Zavidovo nature reserve, a huge forest of national importance. In Soviet times, there was a hunting ground where Leonid Brezhnev loved to shoot animals, and in the 90s a presidential residence was established. And there are also the villages of Pominovo and Zarechye, where the father and mother of the current president of Russia were born, grew up and met. At the time of the last census, 20 people lived in Pominovo, and 70 in Zarechye. The basis of the local economy is two former collective farms: named after Kirov and Beryozka, whose business has long been going so-so. There was no work for the villagers, the fields were not plowed up.
It was at this moment that the reserved places of Putin attracted God Nisanov. Last year, Kievskaya Ploshchad became the owner of Berezka , which owned 2 thousand hectares in the reserve. The manager of Berezka said that Nisanov is going to turn the enterprise into an “eco-farm” and build “eco-cottages” there. In the meantime, thanks to Nisanov, gas can be supplied to the village for the first time .
At the time of this writing, social networks and messengers of the author were repeatedly hacked. God Nisanov himself decided not to answer “Proekt’s” questions .